Here at Forefield Community Infant and Nursery School, the development of reading, writing, speaking and listening skills is at the forefront of all of our teaching. In our Nursery Class, children are immerged into a rich language environment where speaking and listening is encouraged at all times. At this young age they are introduced to reading by listening to and acting out stories, by identifying their own and their friends’ written name and by recognising text within the environment. They take part in a wide range of pre-writing activities focusing on developing both gross and fine motor skills and by the end of the year they will be practising to independently write their own name.
In our Reception Classes, the more formal teaching of reading and writing begins however the emphasis on the development of speaking and listening skills continues throughout this year. Children are encouraged to describe their personal experiences in more detail and will verbally create stories of their own. In order to support their reading and writing skills the children are introduced to our phonics scheme, Phonic Bug. The scheme systematically teaches the children the phonemes (sounds) of the alphabet whilst at the same time teaching them skills to read and write words. To develop this understanding further, the children start reading their first books and begin writing sentences to record their personal experiences. Developing the correct pencil grip and the correct letter formation is a huge focus at this stage as incorrect formation can quickly become a habit which is very difficult to change as your child grows older.
In Year 1, phonics continues to play an important role in the teaching of reading and writing. The phonemes which were taught in Reception Year are practised and embedded before the children are introduced to the different graphemes (the spelling of sounds) within the English language. Throughout this year, the children gain a clear understanding of how to write a sentence by learning all about capital letters, full stops and spaces between words, as well as learning about question marks and exclamation marks. Once the children are forming all of their letters correctly, they will be introduced to cursive writing. In reading, the children use their blending and segmenting skills to read more difficult words whilst beginning to instantly recognise the words they learnt in Reception. They display their understanding of the stories they have both listened to and read by answering a range of text related questions and giving their personal opinions regarding the events which took place.
By Year 2, the children have been introduced to all the different sounds and spellings of the English language so the focus moves from phonics to spelling words correctly. Children will learn different rules of spelling as well as develop strategies to help them independently choose how to spell words correctly. School use No Nonsense Spelling Scheme as the core scheme to support the development of spelling in Y2. They begin to learn about the grammar in written English to support them when writing for different purposes (using the No Nonsense Grammar Scheme as a core) and they look towards perfecting their cursive handwriting. In reading, the children continue to develop their skills by extending their word recognition and fluency. There is a huge focus on displaying an understanding of texts they have read and those which have been read to them so comprehension tasks play a huge role within reading. By the time the children leave us in Year 2 we aim for them to be confident in reading, writing, speaking and listening and are able to use these skills within everyday experiences.
World Book Day 2017