Here at Forefield Community Infant and Nursery School, the development of reading, writing, speaking and listening skills is at the forefront of all of our teaching. In our Nursery Class, children are immerged into a rich language environment where speaking and listening is encouraged at all times. At this young age they are introduced to reading by listening to and acting out stories, by identifying their own and their friends’ written name and by recognising text within the environment. They take part in a wide range of pre-writing activities focusing on developing both gross and fine motor skills and by the end of the year they will be practising to independently write their own name.
In our Reception and Year 1 Classes, as well as a continued focus on the development of language skills, the more formal teaching of reading and writing takes place. Within our English lessons the children are taught the mechanics of reading and writing through our phonics scheme, Phonic Bug. Throughout the scheme the children are introduced to the phonemes (sounds in words) within the English language, followed by the graphemes (the different ways to spell the sounds). They are taught to become independent readers and writers by blending the sounds in words to read accurately and segmenting words in order to write. The children will also be taught letter formation, handwriting techniques, sentence structure, punctuation and grammar rules, within these lessons. In order to ensure teaching is at the relevant level to each child’s individual needs, the scheme is split into phases (see below for what is taught in each phase), with one particular phase being focused upon within each English group. The children are then assessed at the end of each half term and re-grouped according to their level of development. This enables children who need extra time to embed learning to spend more time recapping and perfecting their knowledge whilst children who make rapid progress can move through the scheme quickly.
By Year 2, the children have been introduced to all the different sounds and spellings of the English language so the focus moves from phonics to spelling words correctly. Children will learn different rules of spelling as well as develop strategies to help them independently choose how to spell words correctly. School use No Nonsense Spelling Scheme as the core scheme to support the development of spelling in Y2. They continue to learn about the grammar in written English to support them when writing for different purposes (using the No Nonsense Grammar Scheme as a core) and they look towards perfecting their cursive handwriting. In reading, the children continue to develop their skills by extending their word recognition and fluency. There is a huge focus on displaying an understanding of texts they have read and those which have been read to them so comprehension tasks play a huge role within reading. By the time the children leave us in Year 2 we aim for them to be confident in reading, writing, speaking and listening and are able to use these skills within everyday experiences.